Skip to main content

Cause of Osteoarthritis Discovered

  • Synopsis: Published: 2014-08-13 - Researchers discover new mechanism of joint destruction that grinds healthy cartilage and worsens osteoarthritis identified in human hip joints. For further information pertaining to this article contact: University of Liverpool at Jamie Brown - jamie.brown@liverpool.ac.uk - Ph. 44-151-794-2248.

Main Document

Quote: "The discovery of HDMP in humans means that for the first time we are seeing an important mechanism in the process which causes the disease."

A new cause of osteoarthritis identified by research on a rare disease.

A new mechanism of joint destruction caused by a natural material that grinds away healthy cartilage and worsens osteoarthritis has been identified in human hip joints for the first time by University of Liverpool scientists.

The scientists, with Professor Alan Boyde and colleagues from Queen Mary University of London, were studying the hip of a man with the genetic condition, alkaptonuria (AKU), This is a metabolic disease in which a substance called homogentisic acid accumulates in joint cartilage, causing changes to its physical properties.

The study revealed the presence of high density mineralized protrusions (HDMP), which have only been seen before in horses. These protrusions are caused as the body acts to fill in cracks in joint cartilage and can snap off, leading to sharp, dense particles in the joint which grind against healthy tissue.

To confirm the findings, the team studied eight hips donated for research by people with osteoarthritis and found the same results as in the alkaptonuria patient.

Professor Jim Gallagher led the study in Liverpool. He said: "There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but it is one of the leading causes of disability, causing immense pain and difficulty of movement to sufferers.

"The discovery of HDMP in humans means that for the first time we are seeing an important mechanism in the process which causes the disease. In effect these small, sharp particles could act like an abrasive powder scouring the surfaces of the joint."

The researchers studied the joint without taking out the calcium - a method which is typically used to make bones softer and easier to examine. This process, which involves using acid, would normally have the effect of destroying the HDMPs thus explaining why they have not been recognized before in humans.

Professor Gallagher, from the University's Institute of aging and Chronic Disease concluded: "Studying a rare illness like alkaptonuria is a worthwhile project in itself, but it can also help with new insights into much more common diseases.

"This is a case in point, and because of our work on alkaptonuria, we are now able to add a new piece to the puzzle of an illness that affects millions."

The study, published in the Journal of Anatomy, recommends that searching for these HDMPs should now be included in the study of patients with osteoarthritis.

The study was supported by the AKU Society and the Rosetrees Trust.

Read the full paper here: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/joa.12226/full

Related Information:

  1. Obesity and Knee Osteoarthritis Shorten Healthy Years of Life - Brigham and Women's Hospital - (2011-02-15)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/health/autoimmunediseases/osteoarthritis/shorten-years.php
  2. Too Little and Too Much Physical Activity Bad for Knee Joints - Radiological Society of North America - (2012-11-26)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/health/autoimmunediseases/osteoarthritis/bad.php
  3. New Drug Offers Big Relief for Osteoarthritis Pain - Northwestern University - (2010-09-30)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/health/autoimmunediseases/osteoarthritis/pain-drug.php




Information from our Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Information & Treatment section - (Full List).


     What will I receive?

Loan Information for low income singles, families, seniors and disabled. Includes home, vehicle and personal loans.


Famous People with Disabilities - Well known people with disabilities and conditions who contributed to society.


List of awareness ribbon colors and their meaning. Also see our calendar of awareness dates.


Blood Pressure Chart - What should your blood pressure be. Also see information on blood group types and compatibility.


  1. Special Unit: Action Comedy Film Led By Cast of Actors with Disabilities
  2. Can Adults Develop ADHD?
  3. OHEL Diverse Programs for Children and Adults with Disabilities
  4. Fear of Hostility Prevents Many Disabled People From Going Out




Citation