September 13th is Celiac Awareness Day. The date of September 13 was chosen because it honors the birthday of Samuel Gee, MD a British physician and pediatrician who is credited with being the first to identify the link between celiac disease and diet.
The month of May has been designated as Celiac Awareness Month. The Awareness Campaign provides current, comprehensive, science-based information about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue, nontropical sprue, and gluten-sensitive enteropathy.
Facts: Gluten and Celiac Disease
- In the United States, gluten might not be listed on labels, because the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has historically classified gluten as GRAS (generally recognized as safe). In August 2013, FDA issued a final rule, effective August 2014, to define the term gluten-free for voluntary use in the labeling of foods i.e. presence of gluten in the food must be less than 20 parts per million.
- Wheat allergy and coeliac disease are different disorders.
- The protein content of some pet foods may also be enhanced by adding gluten.
- Gluten is often present in beer and soy sauce, and can be used as a stabilizing agent in more unexpected food products, such as ice cream and ketchup.
- Gluten, when dried and milled to a powder and added to ordinary flour dough, improves a dough's ability to rise and increases the bread's structural stability and chewiness.
- Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the digestive process of the small intestine.
- Non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (sometimes known as gluten intolerance) is a condition thought to arise as a result of an immunological response to gluten that differs in nature to the immune response characteristic of coeliac disease.
About This Image: Gluten free food and drink list
Statistics: Celiac (Coeliac) Disease
- In the United States celiac disease (coeliac disease) is thought to affect between 1 in 1750 (defined as clinical disease including dermatitis herpetiformis with limited digestive tract symptoms) to 1 in 105 (defined by presence of IgA TG in blood donors).
- Globally celiac disease (coeliac disease) affects between 1 in 100 and 1 in 170 people - rates do however vary between different regions of the world from as few as 1 in 300 to as many as 1 in 40.
- Other populations at increased risk for celiac disease, with prevalence rates ranging from 5% to 10%, include individuals with Down and Turner syndromes, type 1 diabetes, and autoimmune thyroid disease, including both hyperthyroidism (over-active thyroid) and hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid).
Information from our Food Allergies: Food Intolerance Information section - (Full List).