List of Cigarette Carcinogenics and Additives
Synopsis: Extensive list of ingredients found in cigarettes including listing of chemical poisons and cancer producing additives, as well as the health effects of smoking addiction. Chemicals in cigarettes have been isolated in the urine, digestive juices, and even the cervical mucus of female smokers, so they are transported throughout the body and can do damage anywhere. Because of the extensive list of the ingredients in cigarettes, it is no wonder that this addiction kills more people than any other. And the fact that the habit is so addicting makes it even worse.
Nicotine delivery from tobacco carries an ominous burden of chemical poisons and cancer producing substances that boggle the mind! The plethora of different ingredients in cigarettes is what makes them so deadly when they are smoked on a regular basis.
Below is a list submitted by the 5 major American cigarette companies to the Dept. of Health and Human Services in April of 1994 listing the 599 additives approved by the United States Government for use in the manufacture of cigarettes. Some ingredients are added for flavor, but research has shown that the key purpose of using additives is to improve tobacco's potency resulting in increased addictiveness. This list of additives in cigarettes applies only to American manufactured cigarettes intended for distribution within the United States. The tobacco companies that reported the information were:
- Philip Morris Inc.
- Liggett Group, Inc.
- Brown and Williamson
- American Tobacco Company
- R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
|List of Ingredients and Additives in Cigarettes|
|Allspice Extract,Oleoresin, and Oil|
|Almond Bitter Oil|
|Ammonium Phosphate Dibasic|
|Angelica Root Extract, Oil and Seed Oil|
|Anise Star, Extract and Oils|
|Apple Juice Concentrate, Extract, and Skins|
|Apricot Extract and Juice Concentrate|
|Asafetida Fluid Extract And Oil|
|1- Aspartic Acid|
|Balsam Peru and Oil|
|Bay Leaf, Oil and Sweet Oil|
|Beet Juice Concentrate|
|Benzaldehyde Glyceryl Acetal|
|Benzoic Acid, Benzoin|
|Black Currant Buds Absolute|
|Buchu Leaf Oil|
|Butter, Butter Esters, and Butter Oil|
|Butyl Butyryl Lactate|
|Cardamom Oleoresin, Extract, Seed Oil, and Powder|
|Carob Bean and Extract|
|Cascarilla Oil and Bark Extract|
|Cassia Bark Oil|
|Cassie Absolute and Oil|
|Castoreum Extract, Tincture and Absolute|
|Cedar Leaf Oil|
|Cedarwood Oil Terpenes and Virginiana|
|Celery Seed Extract, Solid, Oil, And Oleoresin|
|Chamomile Flower Oil And Extract|
|Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Bark Oil, and Extract|
|Clover Tops, Red Solid Extract|
|Cocoa Shells, Extract, Distillate And Powder|
|Cognac White and Green Oil|
|Coriander Extract and Oil|
|Costus Root Oil|
|1-Cysteine Dandelion Root Solid Extract|
|Dill Seed Oil and Extract|
|3,7- Dimethyl-6-Octenoic Acid|
|alpha,alpha Dimethylphenethyl Butyrate|
|Ethyl Methyl Phenylglycidate|
|2-Ethyl (or Methyl)-(3,5 and 6)-Methoxypyrazine|
|2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol, 3-Ethyl -2 -|
|2-Ethyl-3, (5 or 6)-Dimethylpyrazine|
|Fennel Sweet Oil|
|Fenugreek, Extract, Resin, and Absolute|
|Fig Juice Concentrate|
|Food Starch Modified|
|Gentian Root Extract|
|Geranium Rose Oil|
|Ginger Oil and Oleoresin|
|Grape Juice Concentrate|
|Guaiac Wood Oil|
|Hydrolyzed Milk Solids|
|Hydrolyzed Plant Proteins|
|5-Hydroxy-2,4-Decadienoic Acid delta-Lactone|
|4-Hydroxy -3-Pentenoic Acid Lactone|
|4-Hydroxybutanoic Acid Lactone|
|Immortelle Absolute and Extract|
|Isoamyl Formate, IsoamylHexanoate|
|Jasmine Absolute, Concrete and Oil|
|Kola Nut Extract|
|Labdanum Absolute and Oleoresin|
|Lemon Oil and Extract|
|Licorice Root, Fluid, Extract|
|Lovage Oil And Extract|
|Mace Powder, Extract and Oil|
|Malt and Malt Extract|
|Maple Syrup and Concentrate|
|Mate Leaf, Absolute and Oil|
|Methyl 2-Pyrrolyl Ketone|
|Methyl Ester of Rosin, Partially Hydrogenated|
|Methyl Linoleate (48%)|
|Methyl Linolenate (52%) Mixture|
|Methyl Naphthyl Ketone|
|(Methylthio)Methylpyrazine (Mixture Of Isomers)|
|Mimosa Absolute and Extract|
|Molasses Extract and Tincture|
|Mountain Maple Solid Extract|
|beta-Napthyl Ethyl Ether|
|Neroli Bigarde Oil|
|Nutmeg Powder and Oil|
|Oak Chips Extract and Oil|
|Oak Moss Absolute|
|9,12-Octadecadienoic Acid (48%)|
|And 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic Acid (52%)|
|Opoponax Oil And Gum|
|Orange Blossoms Water, Absolute, and Leaf Absolute|
|Orange Oil and Extract|
|Orris Concrete Oil and Root Extract|
|Parsley Seed Oil|
|Pepper Oil, Black And White|
|Peruvian (Bois De Rose) Oil|
|Petitgrain Absolute, Mandarin Oil and Terpeneless Oil|
|Pimenta Leaf Oil|
|Pine Needle Oil, Pine Oil, Scotch|
|Pineapple Juice Concentrate|
|Pipsissewa Leaf Extract|
|Prune Juice and Concentrate|
|Pyroligneous Acid And Extract|
|Raisin Juice Concentrate|
|Rose Absolute and Oil|
|Sage, Sage Oil, and Sage|
|Sandalwood Oil, Yellow|
|Styrax Extract, Gum and Oil|
|Tea Leaf and Absolute|
|2,3,4,5, and 3,4,5,6-|
|Thyme Oil, White and Red|
|Tolu Balsam Gum and Extract|
|Valerian Root Extract, Oil|
|Vanilla Extract And Oleoresin|
|Violet Leaf Absolute|
|Walnut Hull Extract|
|Wheat Extract And Flour|
|Wild Cherry Bark Extract|
|Wine and Wine Sherry|
These cigarette ingredients are approved as additives for foods, but were not tested by burning them, burning often changes a substances properties, sometimes for the worse. Over 4000 chemical compounds are created by a burning cigarette. Depending on the source you will find numbers that state there are anywhere from 40 to 60 known carcinogenic ingredients in cigarettes known to cause cancer. Initially, cigarettes were unfiltered, allowing the full "flavor" of the tar to come through. As the public became concerned about the health effects of smoking, filters were added. Filters do not remove enough tar to make cigarettes less dangerous.
Chemicals in cigarettes have been isolated in the urine, digestive juices, and even the cervical mucus of female smokers, so they are transported throughout the body and can do damage anywhere. Most of the chemicals inhaled in cigarette smoke stay in the lungs. The more you inhale, the better it feels - and the greater the damage to your lungs. Because of the extensive list of the ingredients in cigarettes, it is no wonder that this addiction kills more people than any other. And the fact that the habit is so addicting makes it even worse.
Cigarette Smoking Facts
- Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of disease and death in the United States, killing more than 480,000 Americans each year.
- Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death and a major public health concern.
- Nicotine is a drug that is naturally present in the tobacco plant and is primarily responsible for a person's addiction to tobacco products, including cigarettes.
- The addiction to cigarettes and other tobacco products that nicotine causes is similar to the addiction produced by using drugs such as heroin and cocaine.
- Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana.
- Quitting smoking reduces the risk of cancer and many other diseases, such as heart disease and COPD, caused by smoking.
- The 1982 United States Surgeon General's report stated that "Cigarette smoking is the major single cause of cancer mortality [death] in the United States." This statement is as true today as it was then.
- Passive smoking - The usually involuntary consumption of smoked tobacco.
- Second-hand smoke (SHS) - The consumption where the burning end is present, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).
- Third-hand smoke - The consumption of the smoke that remains after the burning end has been extinguished.
- Smoking causes many types of cancer, including cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx (voice box), mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, cervix, colon, and rectum, as well as acute myeloid leukemia.
- Smoking's history dates back to as early as 5000-3000 BC when the agricultural product began to be cultivated in South America; consumption later evolved into burning the plant substance either by accident or with intent of exploring other means of consumption.
- Of the more than 7,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 250 are known to be harmful, including hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and ammonia.
- Cigars are tightly rolled bundles of dried and fermented tobacco which are ignited so that smoke may be drawn into the smoker's mouth.
- More than 10 times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the United States during its history.
- Among current smokers, chronic lung disease accounts for 73 percent of smoking-related conditions. Even among smokers who have quit chronic lung disease accounts for 50 percent of smoking-related conditions.
- Smokers die significantly earlier than nonsmokers: 13.2 years for men and 14.5 years for women.
- Among current cigarette smokers, the proportion of those who smoke every day decreased from 80.8 percent in 2005 to 76.9 percent in 2013.
- The proportion of cigarette smokers who smoke only on some days increased from 19.2 percent in 2005 to 23.1 percent in 2013.
- Among daily smokers, the average number of cigarettes smoked per day declined from 16.7 in 2005 to 14.2 in 2013.
- The proportion of daily smokers who smoked 20 to 29 cigarettes per day dropped from 34.9 percent in 2005 to 29.3 percent in 2013.
- The proportion who smoked fewer than 10 cigarettes per day rose from 16.4 percent in 2005 to 23.3 percent in 2013.
- Tobacco use is responsible for nearly 1 in 5 deaths in the United States.
- In 2009, an estimated 46.6 million, or 20.6% of adults (aged 18+) were current smokers.
- The annual prevalence of smoking declined more than 50 percent between 1965 and 2009.
- In 2009, 19.5 percent of high school students were current smokers. Over 5 percent of middle school students were current smokers in 2009.
- Males tend to have significantly higher rates of smoking prevalence than females. In 2009, 23.5 percent of males currently smoked compared to 17.9 percent of females.
- Prevalence of current smoking in 2009 was highest among non-Hispanic whites (22.2%) intermediate among non-Hispanic blacks (21.3%), and lowest among Hispanics (14.5%) and Asians (12.0%).
- As of 2000, smoking was practiced by around 1.22 billion people. At current rates of 'smoker replacement' and market growth, this may reach around 1.9 billion in 2025. Of the 1.22 billion smokers, 1 billion of them live in developing or transitional economies.
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Page Information, Citing and Disclaimer
Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative reviews, exclusive stories and how-tos. You can connect with us on social media such as X.com and our Facebook page.
Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/medical/pharmaceutical/addiction/cigarette-ingredients.php">List of Cigarette Carcinogenics and Additives</a>
Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2011, May 26). List of Cigarette Carcinogenics and Additives. Disabled World. Retrieved December 7, 2023 from www.disabled-world.com/medical/pharmaceutical/addiction/cigarette-ingredients.php
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