A clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus (TEV), is a birth defect. The foot is twisted in (inverted) and down. Without treatment , persons afflicted often appear to walk on their ankles, or on the sides of their feet. It is a common birth defect, occurring in about one in every 1,000 live births.
Approximately 50% of cases of clubfoot are bilateral. In most cases it is an isolated dysmelia. Incidence in males is higher than in females.
There are different causes for clubfoot: Mainly caused by Edwards' syndrome, a genetic defect with three copies of chromosome 18 genetic causes with incidence rates increasing significantly when multiple direct family members have the condition external influences such as
intrauterine compression from oligohydramnios or from amniotic band syndrome.
After correction has been achieved, maintenance of correction may require the full-time (23 hours per day) use of a splint-also known as a foot abduction brace (FAB)-on both feet, regardless or whether the TEV is on one side or both, for several weeks after treatment. Part-time use of a brace (generally at night, usually 12 hours per day) is frequently prescribed for up to 4 years.
|Famous People with a Club Foot|
|Damon Wayans - Damon Kyle Wayans (born September 4, 1960) is an American stand-up comedian, writer, and actor who began his career as a stand-up comic in 1982. He is one of the Wayans brothers. He has four sisters, Vonnie, Nadia, Kim, Deidre, and four brothers, actors Marlon Wayans, Keenan Ivory Wayans, Shawn Wayans, and Dwayne Wayans. He had a clubbed foot as a child. This attribute would also be given to his character in My Wife & Kids and his character on the cartoon series Waynehead a cartoon for the WB, loosely based on his own childhood growing up in a large family, starring a poor boy with a club foot.|
| ||Allen Dulles - Famous US spy master and CIA director also the top spy in Europe in World Wars One and Two. The book "Allen Dulles Master of Spies" by James Strodes says Dulles was born with club foot april 23rd 1893.|
| ||Steven George Gerrard - MBE - (born 30 May 1980 in Whiston, Merseyside, England) is an English footballer who plays for and captains Premier League club Liverpool. He also has 89 caps for the England national team. Gerrard is widely regarded as one of the greatest English footballers ever.|
| ||Claudius - Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus or Claudius I (August 1, 10 BC - October 13, AD 54) (Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus before his accession) was the fourth Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from January 24, AD 41 to his death in AD 54. Born in Lugdunum in Gaul (modern-day Lyon, France), to Drusus and Antonia Minor, he was the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italia.|
| ||Josef Goebbels - Notorious Nazi propaganda minister, had a right club foot (possibly incurred after birth as a complication of osteomyelitis), a fact hidden from the German public by censorship. Because of this malformation, Goebbels needed to wear a leg brace. That, plus his short stature, led to his rejection for military service in World War I.|
| ||Eric Richard - (born 27 June 1940) is an actor based in Britain and is most famous for his role in the British ITV channels "The Bill" for his role as Sergeant Bob Cryer. His television work has also included Home Sweet Home, Made in Britain, Open All Hours, Games Without Frontiers, P'Tang Yang Kipperbang, Shoestring, and Holby City. Eric was born in Margate and grew up in Brixton, South London and was born with club feet.|
| ||Charles Woodson - (born on October 7, 1976 in Fremont, Ohio) is an American football cornerback for the Green Bay Packers. He played college football at the University of Michigan for the Michigan Wolverines. In 1997, Woodson led the Wolverines to a share of the national championship. He is the only primarily defensive player to have won the Heisman Trophy. Chuck was born with a club foot and had to wear braces until he was 4 years old to fix the problem. On April 26, 2006, Woodson and the Green Bay Packers reached a 7-year contract agreement that could be worth as much as $52.7 million with bonuses and incentives.|
| ||Lawrence Sherry - (July 25, 1935 - December 17, 2006) was an American right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who spent most of his career with the Los Angeles Dodgers and Detroit Tigers. He was named the Most Valuable Player of the 1959 World Series as the Dodgers won their first championship since relocating from Brooklyn just two years earlier. Sherry was born with clubfeet for which he needed surgery as an infant and wore special shoes.|
| ||Dudley Moore - Dudley Stuart John Moore, CBE (April 19, 1935 - March 27, 2002), was an Academy-Award nominated and Golden Globe-winning English actor, comedian and musician. Moore first came to prominence as one of the four writer-performers in Beyond the Fringe in the early 1960s and became increasingly famous as half of the double-act he formed with Peter Cook. He was notably short: 5' 21/2" (1.59 m) and was born with a club foot that required extensive hospital treatment and which, coupled with his diminutive stature, made him the butt of jokes by other children.|
| ||Gary Burghoff - (born May 24, 1943) is an American actor, best known for playing the character Corporal Walter Eugene "Radar" O'Reilly in the M*A*S*H series and Charlie Brown in the 1967 off-Broadway musical You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown.Born with a club foot and four short fingers on his left hand, Burghoff uses props to deflect attention from this: in Charlie Brown he had a baseball glove on that hand most of the time, and in the M*A*S*H television series, he usually had a clipboard or other object to conceal the defect.|
| ||Freddy Sanchez - Frederick Phillip "Freddy" Sanchez, Jr. (born December 21, 1977 in Hollywood, California) is an infielder in Major League Baseball. Since 2002, Sanchez has played for the Boston Red Sox (2002-03) and Pittsburgh Pirates (2003-Present). He bats and throws right-handed. His success in high school was nothing short of miraculous. Sanchez was born with a severely pigeon-toed left foot and a club right foot, and his parents had received a medical diagnosis that he might never walk. He underwent surgery to correct his foot problems at 13 months, and then had to undergo years of physical therapy before he could walk properly.|
| ||Jim Mecir - James Jason Mecir (born on May 16, 1970 in Queens, New York) is an American former baseball player. He played for 5 teams in an 11-year career, and retired from the Florida Marlins in 2005. He is a right-handed pitcher. Mecir is notable for having overcome a birth defect (namely club feet) to become an effective Major League pitcher, as well as for being the last pitcher to regularly throw a screwball. He spent 41/2 years as a member of the Oakland Athletics, and is prominently mentioned in Michael Lewis's bestselling book Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game. In 2003, Mecir received the Tony Conigliaro Award, given annually to the player who most effectively overcomes adversity to succeed in baseball. Mecir was born with two club feet; despite several childhood surgeries that enabled him to walk, he was left unable to properly push off the rubber with his right foot. He was forced to develop an unorthodox delivery that gave him an unusually violent screwball. He was one of the last screwball pitchers active in the major leagues.|
| ||David Lynch - David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946) is an filmmaker, painter, composer, video artist, and performance artist from the United States . Lynch has received three Academy Award nominations for Best Director, for The Elephant Man (1980), Blue Velvet (1986), and Mulholland Drive (2001). He has won awards at the Cannes Film Festival and Venice Film Festival. Lynch is probably best known for Blue Velvet and as the creator of the Twin Peaks television series.|
| ||Mia Hamm - (born Mariel Margaret Hamm on March 17, 1972 in Selma, Alabama) is a former American soccer player. Playing for many years as a forward for the United States women's national soccer team, she scored more international goals in her career than any other player, male or female, in the history of the sport . She was a member of the women soccer team, who won the Olympics in 1996 Hamm was among those eager to develop their sports ability, but first she had to overcome the birth defect of a partial clubfoot. "Casts were placed on her feet to try and correct that irregularity," said Hamm's sister Caroline Cruickshank. "As soon as those things were taken off her feet, you could not stop her."|
| ||Kristi Yamaguchi - Kristine Tsuya "Kristi" Yamaguchi (Kristi Hedican) (born July 12, 1971) is an American figure skater and the 1992 Olympic Champion in women's singles. Yamaguchi also won two World Figure Skating Championships in 1991 and 1992 and a U.S. Figure Skating Championships in 1992. She won two national titles in 1989 and 1990 and one junior world title in 1988 as a pairs skater with Rudy Galindo. In December 2005, she was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame. Yamaguchi began skating as a child, as physical therapy for her club feet.|
| ||Troy Aikman - Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966 in West Covina, California) is a former American football quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League, and currently a television sportscaster for the Fox network. He is also a joint owner of the NASCAR Nextel Cup racing team, Hall of Fame Racing, along with fellow former Cowboys quarterback, Roger Staubach. Troy Aikman's was born with what doctors call "Third Club Foot", Troy was in plaster till he was 8 months old, then he wore special shoes till he was 3 years old, since then he has not suffered from any form of Club Foot.|
| ||Pat Summerall - George Allen "Pat" Summerall is a former American football player and well-known television sportscaster, having worked at CBS, FOX, and, briefly, ESPN. Summerall is best known for his work with John Madden on CBS and FOX's NFL telecasts, and in 1999 he was inducted into the American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame. He was born with a club foot. Doctors surgically repaired it, a radical procedure by 1930's standards. Summerall remembers, "They told my family that I would never be able to run and play, maybe I could walk, just maybe." However the surgery was successful. With his foot recovering nicely, Summerall fell in love with sports.|
| ||Miguel Riffo - Miguel Augusto Riffo Garay (born June 21, 1981) is a Chilean footballer, who plays defender currently for Colo-Colo. He started his career in the youth system of Colo-Colo and has stayed with them throughout his career. He captains Colo-Colo at times. He also has represented the Chilean national team on three occasions. Miguel Riffo was born on 21 June 1981 with a clubfoot.|
| ||Sir Walter Scott - 1st Baronet (August 14, 1771 - September 21, 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe during his time. In some ways Scott was the first English-language author to have a truly international career in his lifetime, with many contemporary readers all over Europe, Australia, and North America. His novels and poetry are still read, and many of his works remain classics of both English-language literature and of Scottish literature. Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of The Lake , Waverley and The Heart of Midlothian.|
| ||Thaddeus Stevens - (April 4, 1792 - August 11, 1868), also known as "The Great Commoner," was a United States Representative from Pennsylvania. He was a Radical Republican, and gained fame as a lawyer defending runaway slaves. Stevens encouraged strong, sweeping action by the federal government to revolutionize the institutions and culture that bolstered white supremacy in the South. The measures he supported included the Fourteenth Amendment and an unsuccessful plan to confiscate plantations and redistribute the land to former slaves. He suffered from many hardships during his childhood, including a club foot.|
| ||George Gordon Byron - 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788-19 April 1824), commonly known as Lord Byron, was an English poet and a leading figure in Romanticism. Among Lord Byron's best-known works are the narrative poems Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and Don Juan. The latter remained incomplete on his death. He is regarded as one of the greatest European poets and remains widely read and influential, both in the English speaking world and beyond. He was born with a club-foot and became extreme sensitivity about his lameness. His life did not become easier when he received painful treatments for his foot by a quack practitioner in 1799. Eventually he got a corrective boot.|
| ||LeRoy Butler - July 19, 1968 - is a former American football strong safety who played his entire career with the Green Bay Packers (1990 - 2001). LeRoy has club feet. He spent his childhood in Jacksonville, Florida, challenged by physical problems that forced him to wear leg braces and use a wheelchair at times while undergoing therapy. In 2007, he was named to the Florida High School Association All-Century Team, which selected the "Top 33" players in the 100-year history of Florida high school football.|