Hemoglobin Level Chart and Body Iron Information

Iron is a Mineral Essential for Making Healthy Red Blood Cells and Hemoglobin

Ian C. Langtree Content Writer/Editor for Disabled World
Published: 2015/07/20 - Updated: 2023/08/01
Publication Type: Conversion / Calculation
Contents: Summary - Definition - Introduction - Main - Related

Synopsis: Information regarding high and low blood Hemoglobin levels including printable chart and list of food with high iron levels. Iron is a mineral that is essential for making healthy red blood cells and hemoglobin. A slightly low hemoglobin count isn't always a sign of illness; it may be normal for some people.

Introduction

Symptoms of Anemia Often Include:

Main Digest

Hemoglobin Level Chart

Normal Hemoglobin Count Ranges Widely Accepted by Physicians
Children
Birth: 13.5 to 24.0 g/dl (mean 16.5 g/dl)
<1 mth: 10.0 to 20.0 g/dl (mean 13.9 g/dl)
1-2 mths: 10.0 to 18.0 g/dl (mean 11.2 g/dl)
2-6 mths: 9.5 to 14.0 g/dl (mean 12.6 g/dl)
0.5 to 2 yrs: 10.5 to 13.5 g/dl (mean 12.0 g/dl)
2 to 6 yrs: 11.5 to 13.5 g/dl (mean 12.5 g/dl)
6-12 yrs: 11.5 to 15.5 g/dl (mean 13.5)
Females
Age 12-18 yrs: 12.0 to 16.0 g/dl (mean 14.0 g/dl)
Age >18 yrs: 12.1 to 15.1 g/dl (mean 14.0 g/dl)
Males
12-18 yrs: 13.0 to 16.0 g/dl (mean 14.5 g/dl)
>18 yrs: 13.6 to 17.7 g/dl (mean 15.5 g/dl)

Low Hemoglobin Count

A slightly low hemoglobin count isn't always a sign of illness; it may be normal for some people. Women who are pregnant commonly have low hemoglobin counts. A low hemoglobin level count is generally defined as less than 13.5 grams of hemoglobin per deciliter (135 grams per liter) of blood for men and less than 12 grams per deciliter (120 grams per liter) for women. In children, the definition varies with age and sex. Diseases and conditions that cause your body to produce fewer red blood cells include:

  • Cancer
  • Cirrhosis
  • Leukemia
  • Lead poisoning
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Certain medications
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes
  • Hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid)
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease)
  • Blood Loss from Bleeding (Internal or External)

Iron Levels

Iron is a mineral that's essential for making healthy red blood cells and hemoglobin. Low iron levels can cause you to feel tired, and deficient iron levels may cause damage to organs. A low blood count can be caused by not eating enough iron-rich foods, donating blood too frequently, chronic illness, or other invisible causes. The daily requirement of iron can often be achieved by taking iron supplements. Ferrous sulfate 325 mg, taken orally once a day, and by eating foods high in iron. Foods high in vitamin C also are recommended because vitamin C helps your body absorb iron. Food with high iron levels includes:

  • Bean Sprouts
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Chicken
  • Corn
  • Fish
  • Green Beans
  • Greens, all kinds
  • Kale
  • Lamb
  • Lean beef
  • Lima Beans
  • Liver
  • Mussels
  • Pork
  • Potatoes
  • Shellfish
  • Peas
  • Tofu
  • Tomatoes
  • Turkey
  • Veal

High Hemoglobin Level

High hemoglobin level is mainly due to low oxygen levels in the blood (hypoxia), present over a long period. Reasons for a high hemoglobin level include:

  • Burns
  • Dehydration
  • Severe COPD
  • Heavy smoking
  • Polycythemia vera
  • Excessive vomiting
  • Living at a high altitude
  • Extreme physical exercise
  • Failure of the right side of the heart
  • congenital disabilities of the heart, present at birth.
  • Scarring or thickening of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis) and other severe lung disorders
  • Rare bone marrow diseases that lead to an abnormal increase in the number of blood cells (polycythemia vera)

Hemoglobin A1c Test

The hemoglobin A1c test, also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, or glycohemoglobin, is an important blood test that shows how well your diabetes is being controlled. Hemoglobin A1c provides an average of your blood sugar control over the past 2 to 3 months and is used along with home blood sugar monitoring to make adjustments in your diabetes medicines.

The goal for people with diabetes is a hemoglobin A1c of less than 7%. The higher the hemoglobin A1c, the higher the risk of developing complications related to diabetes.

Hemoglobin Level Image Charts for Printing

Chart 1

Continued below image.
Printable Human Hemoglobin Level Chart.
Printable Human Hemoglobin Level Chart.
Continued...

Chart 2

Continued below image.
Alternative Version: Hemoglobin Level Chart shows ideal range for females, males, and younger children.
Alternative Version: Hemoglobin Level Chart shows ideal range for females, males, and younger children.
Continued...

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Cite This Page (APA): Langtree, I. C. (2015, July 20 - Last revised: 2023, August 1). Hemoglobin Level Chart and Body Iron Information. Disabled World. Retrieved June 13, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/calculators-charts/hemoglobin-iron.php

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