Healthy Roselle Muffins Containing Hibiscus Extract
Synopsis: The new super muffin has been named Roselle because it contains calyx extract from the tropical plant Hibiscus sabdariffa, which is often referred to by the same name. Hibiscus flowers have a beautiful red color, and the calyx extract contains many valuable bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols, flavonoids, betaine, and hibiscus acid. These components can be used to develop new products and functional food that offer positive health effects, possibly reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
A muffin is an individually portioned baked product. However, the term can refer to one of two specific items: a part-raised "English" flatbread, like a crumpet, baked and then cooked on a griddle typically unsweetened, or an often sweetened "American" quickbread that is chemically leavened and then baked in a mold. The flatbread variety is of British or other European derivation and dates from at least the early 18th century, while the quickbread originated in North America during the 19th century.
Nutritionally Enriched Muffins from Roselle Calyx Extract Using Response Surface Methodology - Foods.
Healthy and muffins are not usually two words we associate with each other, but a plant extract might help change that, at least a little bit.
Love muffins? We're talking about a tasty, fluffy muffin with no artificial additives and containing many beneficial nutrients. As remarkable as it might sound, a recently published study led describes the development of just such a new muffin in the journal Foods.
From Muffins to Functional Food
The new super muffin has been named Roselle because it contains calyx extract from the tropical plant Hibiscus sabdariffa, often referred to by the same name.
Here's a look at the different formulations researchers tested.
Hibiscus flowers have a beautiful red color, and the calyx extract contains many valuable bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols, flavonoids, betaine, and hibiscus acid. These components can be used to develop new products and functional food that may offer positive health effects, possibly reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
The study also shows that Roselle muffins maintain their freshness for up to six days at room temperature, but with so many beneficial qualities, chances are they will be long gone by then.
The study is part of Re-FOOD, a Norwegian-Indian collaborative project focusing on using and enhancing the value of the rest raw materials of food processing.
Professor Nutan Kaushik at Amity University in Uttar Pradesh, India, points out the health benefits of antioxidants, especially when neutralizing free radicals, which can be an important contributing factor to serious illnesses.
Prefer Natural Food Coloring
Roselle is also rich in anthocyanins. This dye can dissolve in water and yield red, pink, purple, blue, blue, violet, or violet. The color of food has a strong influence on how delicious we think it is.
Artificial dyes are often clearer and more intense than natural substances. But the demand for natural dyes is increasing because of the concern that artificial dyes harm our health.
Tasty, Nutritional and Long Shelf-Life
In the muffin study, 30 tested 17 recipe variants.
The aim was to find the best version of Roselle muffins relative to three important qualities:
- The muffin should have valuable nutritional properties.
- The muffin should have a taste and texture that people like.
- The muffin should have the best possible shelf life without preservatives.
Aim the Best Possible Response
The researchers measured and surveyed the test subjects' response to the pastry's color, appearance, aroma, texture, fluffiness, elasticity, freshness, and chewing resistance. The researchers used the Response Surface Methodology to model and analyze how the test subjects' reactions were affected by various factors. The method aims to achieve the most positive response to what is tested.
Natural Food Coloring Good for Our Cells
In terms of nutrition, the results suggest that the hibiscus extract provides muffins with high levels of antioxidants like phenolics.
These are substances believed to be able to prevent processes in the body that can damage cell membranes or the genetic material in our cells. There are several thousand different phenols, most of which are found in fruit, juice, wine, cocoa, tea, coffee, vegetables, flax seed, whole grains, and legumes.
Maybe Not So Healthy
The Roselle calyx extract provides health benefits, but the muffin research is primarily good news for those who already eat muffins. Because there are some bitter tastes - figuratively speaking - in this muffin batter, in the form of unhealthy sugar, saturated fat, and white flour.
Eva Falch is an associate professor at NTNU's Department of Biotechnology and Food Science and a study co-author. She doubts that Roselle would be able to be classified as healthy in Norway.
"Roselle calyx extract is an underutilized resource, and the study primarily shows the potential of the plant extract. The researchers use the muffin as a model to say something about how ingredients and steps in the manufacturing process affect and change the properties of the final product," Falch says.
Classifications and health recommendations, as well as taste and food culture, vary between countries.
"In food cultures where baked goods like this are part of the daily diet, Roselle muffins can contribute to increased nutritional value. To make a healthy version, the whole composition should be as good as possible, with little sugar, salt, saturated fat, and so on," said Falch, who is also head of the NTNU Food Forum.
Animal Models and a Start-up
A next step could be to test this ingredient in products with a better nutritional profile, such as whole grain products so that it can be part of a healthy diet.
Professor Nutan Kaushik says the findings have helped get acceptance among consumers and regulators.
"Next, we plan to study the health benefits of animal models and launch a start-up company," she says.
Moist Muffins Mold Easily
Shelf life was the third factor the researchers investigated.
When dry and semi-dry baked goods such as biscuits are left too long, they can deteriorate physically and chemically. Muffins with higher moisture content, on the other hand, are more vulnerable to bacteria, fermentation, and mold. Mold and mold spores are destroyed by heat during baking, but as soon as the muffins are out of the oven, they are exposed to airborne mold spores.
Roselle Keeps Fresh Without Preservatives
Roselle muffins have no added preservatives.
The beauty is that the antioxidant ascorbic acid is also found in the pastry. This chemical bond can contribute to increased shelf life in food products. And when it comes to the effects of ascorbic acid on the human body, most of us know it by its common name, vitamin C. The tests showed that Roselle kept well for six days at room temperature, with no signs of mold or spores.
Marak, S.; Kaushik, N.; Dikiy, A.; Shumilina, E.; Falch, E. Nutritionally Enriched Muffins from Roselle Calyx Extract Using Response Surface Methodology Foods 2022, 11, 3982.
This peer reviewed article relating to our Nutrition and Healthy Food section was selected for publishing by the editors of Disabled World due to its likely interest to our disability community readers. Though the content may have been edited for style, clarity, or length, the article "Healthy Roselle Muffins Containing Hibiscus Extract" was originally written by Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and published by Disabled-World.com on 2023/03/07. Should you require further information or clarification, Norwegian University of Science and Technology can be contacted at ntnu.edu. Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith.
Share This Information To:
𝕏.com Facebook Reddit
Discover Related Topics:
Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative reviews, exclusive stories and how-tos. You can connect with us on social media such as X.com and our Facebook page. Disabled World provides general information only. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for qualified professional medical care, nor should they be construed as such. Funding is derived from advertisements or referral programs. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.
Information, Citing and Disclaimer
Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/fitness/nutrition/muffins.php">Healthy Roselle Muffins Containing Hibiscus Extract</a>
Cite This Page (APA): Norwegian University of Science and Technology. (2023, March 7). Healthy Roselle Muffins Containing Hibiscus Extract. Disabled World. Retrieved October 4, 2023 from www.disabled-world.com/fitness/nutrition/muffins.php
Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative reviews, exclusive stories and how-tos. You can connect with us on social media such as X.com and our Facebook page.
Disabled World provides general information only. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for qualified professional medical care, nor should they be construed as such. Funding is derived from advertisements or referral programs. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.