Screen Readers Skip to Content
Tweet Facebook Buffer

Small Cell Cancer of Lung - General Overview

Author: Disabled World : Contact: Disabled World

Published: 2009-04-05 : (Rev. 2015-12-27)

Synopsis and Key Points:

Small Cell Cancer of the Lung is an fast growing cancer that forms in tissues of the lung and can spread to other parts of the body.

Main Digest

There are two types of Lung Cancers: Small Cell and Non Small Cell. Small Cell Cancer of the Lung is an aggressive (fast-growing) cancer that forms in tissues of the lung and can spread to other parts of the body.

Alternate Names:

Small cell lung cancer looks small and oval-shaped under a microscope.

Risk factors for small cell lung cancer include: smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes, now or in the past, exposure to second-hand smoke and exposure to asbestos, or radon.

Symptoms may include persistent cough, wheezing, hoarseness, hemoptysis (expectoration of blood or of blood-stained sputum), dypsnea, chest pain, fatigue, decreased appetite and weight loss.

The diagnosis of small cell lung cancer is confirmed by a pathologist using laboratory studies obtained by bronchoscopy or a CT-guided procedure (fine-needle biopsy).

Specimens (stains) for chromogranin, neuron-specific enolase and synaptophysin are usually positive.

Staging of the carcinoma is performed by imaging studies (CT scans, MRI, PET scans). These studies provide the information needed for staging at diagnosis, response to treatment, resection-ability and metastases.

Management of limited stage small cell lung carcinoma involves a combination of chemotherapy and thoracic radiation therapies.

Treatment can involve either a single modality or a series of multiple modalities. If a complete remission is obtained, prophylactic cranial radiation is offered. At this level of treatment, the disease is potentially curable. However, most individuals are diagnosed with extensive disease and are generally considered incurable but may achieve remission with the use of a combination chemotherapy regimen.

Although this disease is very responsive to chemotherapy, the overall survival rate is poor. Of those diagnosed with extensive small cell lung carcinoma (most patients) the 2 year survival rate is < 2%.

Related Documents


Important:

Disabled World uses cookies to help provide and enhance our services to you and tailor some content and advertising. By continuing you agree to the Disabled World Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Disabled World is strictly a news and information website provided for general informational purpose only and does not constitute medical advice. Materials presented are in no way meant to be a substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Any 3rd party offering or advertising on disabled-world.com does not constitute endorsement by Disabled World.

Please report outdated or inaccurate information to us.