Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games: IPC Anti-doping Program

Author: International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
Published: 2022/02/28
Contents: Summary - Main - Related Publications

Synopsis: Paralympic athletes in all sports can be selected for doping control anytime and anywhere during the period of the Beijing 2022 Paralympic Games. The Independent Observer (IO) program was established by WADA in 2000 with the aim to contribute to effective doping control programs during major sporting events and to enhance athlete and public confidence in the quality, effectiveness and reliability of the anti-doping program in place. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement. It co-ordinates the organisation of the Paralympic Games and the Paralympic Winter Games. The IPC's vision is to make for an inclusive world though Para sport.

Main Digest

Ahead of the Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games, in its official report the Independent Observer Team has praised the work of the International Paralympic Committee's (IPC) Anti-Doping team at the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games, which took place in August and September 2021.

In particular, the IO Team commended the IPC for its "strong commitment to clean sport, as well as for the high standards of its anti-doping policies and procedures". The report includes 20 recommendations for the IPC to address.

The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement. It co-ordinates the organisation of the Paralympic Games and the Paralympic Winter Games. The IPC's vision is to make for an inclusive world though Para sport.

The Independent Observer (IO) program was established by WADA in 2000 with the aim to contribute to effective doping control programs during major sporting events and to enhance athlete and public confidence in the quality, effectiveness and reliability of the anti-doping program in place.

The IO team consists of experts appointed by WADA. It is responsible for observing all different aspects of the doping control process, reviewing relevant documents, contributing to the overall implementation, and providing daily feedback to the IPC and local Organising Committee.

The IPC's Anti-Doping department was formed in 2018 and Tokyo 2020 was the first time that the IPC had managed its own anti-doping program at a Paralympic Games.

In acknowledging the IO Team report, IPC Anti-Doping Director James Sclater said:

"This report is an affirmation of the work our small team has done to improve anti-doping procedures over the last few years. A huge amount of effort went into Tokyo 2020, not least because of the challenges presented to us because of the global pandemic and the postponement of the Games for a year."

"In terms of testing numbers, the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games were our biggest ever anti-doping program. Its success was due in no small part to the staff and volunteers of the Tokyo 2020 Doping Control team, the Japan Anti-Doping Agency, the Japan Sport Council, the IPC Medical Committee, and the assistance of volunteer experts from anti-doping organisations from around the world."

Among the Commendations from the IO Team Were How:

The IPC prepared a "dynamic" Test Distribution Plan based on the thorough evaluation of each of the 22 sports.

A record 2,174 samples were collected - 1,122 out of competition and 1,052 in-competition. Of note was how the IPC took a "dynamic approach towards in-competition selections".

The athletes' rights and responsibilities for doping control, based on the Athletes' Anti-Doping Rights Act, were available in nine different languages.

The IPC compiled and published an "excellent" complement to the existing Doping Control Guidelines called The Doping Control Guide for Testing Athletes in Para Sport. This guide was seen as comprehensively providing information about the types of impairments that were eligible within Para sport and tips on how to engage with athletes with a disability.

The IPC, in collaboration with WADA, launched an anti-doping e-learning course on WADA's Anti-Doping Education and Learning platform (ADEL), specifically made for athletes, coaches and other support personnel participating the Paralympic Games. The course was offered in nine languages and completed by 2,153 individuals.

The IO found good awareness of anti-doping processes in its interactions with athletes and their support personnel.

In intelligence gathering, the IPC collected information from various authoritative sources and promoted the possibility to report information confidentially through WADA's Speak Up! whistleblowing platform.

Sclater added:

"We are very happy with findings of the IO Team, and we will work on the recommendations to improve our Games even further in future. We note that there were no serious concerns and that the recommendations made were to make improvements to the program."

"There were many pleasing aspects for us. We were particularly pleased with the engagement from athletes and coaches in the anti-doping e-learning course on WADA's Anti-Doping Education and Learning platform, where over 2,100 completed the course. The reception was so good for that that we did a similar e-learning course for Beijing."

What Does the IPC's Anti-doping Program for Beijing 2022 Look Like?

Athletes in all sports can be selected for doping control anytime and anywhere during the period of the Paralympic Games. Practically, what will this look like?

Attribution/Source(s):

This quality-reviewed publication pertaining to our 2022 Beijing Paralympics section was selected for circulation by the editors of Disabled World due to its likely interest to our disability community readers. Though the content may have been edited for style, clarity, or length, the article "Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games: IPC Anti-doping Program" was originally written by International Paralympic Committee (IPC), and submitted for publishing on 2022/02/28. Should you require further information or clarification, International Paralympic Committee (IPC) can be contacted at the paralympic.org website. Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith.

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