Synopsis: A list of well known people who are known to have autism or a related condition on the autism spectrum.
Autism is a general term used to describe a group of complex developmental brain disorders - autism spectrum disorders - caused by a combination of genes and environmental influences. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by communication difficulties, social and behavioral challenges, as well as repetitive behaviors. An estimated one in 88 children in the U.S. is on the autism spectrum - a 78 percent increase in six years that is only partly explained by improved diagnosis.
Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all starting before a child is three years old. This set of signs distinguishes autism from milder autism spectrum disorders (ASD) such as pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
High-functioning autism (HFA) is an informal term applied to autistic people who are deemed to be "higher functioning" than other autistic people, by one or more metrics. There is no consensus as to the definition. HFA is not yet a recognized diagnosis in the DSM-IV-TR or the ICD-10.
A person with high-functioning autism usually has average or above average intelligence. The differences from other forms of autism have led many psychiatrists to consider high-functioning autism as similar to or the same as Asperger's syndrome. However, the amount of overlap between HFA and Asperger syndrome is disputed. Some researchers argue that the two are distinct diagnostic entities, others argue that they are indistinguishable. (Famous People with Aspergers Syndrome)
Famous People With, or Had Autism
50 Tyson - rapper and autism activist
Albert Einstein - Einstein had difficulty with social interactions, was very intelligent but had difficulty learning in school.
Alexis Wineman - The first Miss America contestant with autism to compete in the Miss Montana pageant.
Alonzo Clemons - American clay sculptor
Amadeus Mozart - Famous musician.
Amanda Baggs - advocate of rights for autistic people
Bhumi Jensen - grandson of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand
Birger Sellin - German author
Caiseal Mor - author, musician, and artist
Christopher Knowles - American poet
Courtney Love - frontwoman of Hole
Daniel Tammet - British autistic savant
Daryl Hannah - The actress talked to People Magazine about being diagnosed with autism as a child, and how it contributed to a fear of fame as an adult.
Derek Paravicini - blind British musician
Dylan Scott Pierce - wildlife illustrator
Elisabeth Hughes - Author
Evgeny Kissin - Russian pianist
Gary Numan - Singer and songwriter
Henriett Seth F. - Hungarian autistic savant, poet, writer and artist
Hikari Oe - Japanese composer
James Durbin - American Idol front-runner
James Henry Pullen - gifted British carpenter
James Hobley - British dancer and 2011 Britain's Got Talent finalist
Jason McElwain - high school basketball player
Jessica-Jane Applegate - Paralympic swimmer
Jim Sinclair - autism rights activist
Jonathan Jayne - contestant on American Idol
Jonathan Lerman - American artist
Leslie Lemke - blind American musician
Luca Brecel - Belgian professional snooker player.
Lucy Blackman - university educated author
Marty Balin - singer and songwriter with Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship
Matt Savage - U.S. jazz prodigy
Matthew Laborteaux - Actor
Michelle Dawson - autism researcher and autism rights activist
Peter Tork - Musician
Richard Wawro - Scottish artist
Stephen Wiltshire - British architectural artist
Temple Grandin - food animal handling systems designer and author
Temple Grandin - Colorado State University calls her "the most accomplished and well-known adult with autism in the world."
Thristan Mendoza - Filipino marimba prodigy
Tito Mukhopadhyay - author, poet, and philosopher
Todd Hodgetts - Paralympic shot putter
Tony DeBlois - blind American musician
Vincent Philip D'Onofrio - American actor, director, film producer, writer, and singer.
NOTE: If you know of a discrepancy in this list please contact us so we can amend the entry.
Art and Disability - Marcy Hernandez discusses art and disabilities. Includes getting motivated to start an art project, and lists some well known famous artists with disabilities.
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