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List of Different Types of Arthritis

  • Synopsis: Published: 2015-06-23 (Rev. 2015-10-27) - General information and list of over 150 various types of arthritis that can occur in humans. For further information pertaining to this article contact: Ian Langtree at Disabled World.

Definition: Arthritis

Arthritis is defined as a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.

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"The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis."

Did you know there are more than 150 types of arthritis

Arthritis is an umbrella term used to describe over 150 medical conditions and diseases, known as rheumatic diseases. The word arthritis is medically defined as joint inflammation. Inflammation is one of the human body's reactions to disease or injury, and includes swelling, pain, and quite often, stiffness. Inflammation that lasts for a very long time or recurs, as in arthritis, can lead to tissue damage.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than a third of adults who have arthritis report it limits their leisure and work activities. 25% of them state it also causes severe pain (7+ on the 0 to 10 point pain scale).

The most 5 common types of arthritis are Osteoarthritis, Fibromyalgia, Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Children and teens get a type of arthritis called juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). "Juvenile" means young (16 yrs of age or younger) and "idiopathic" means the cause is not known. JIA is also sometimes called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA).

Many people confuse osteoporosis and different types of arthritis.

Arthritis - A general term for conditions that affect the joints and surrounding tissues.

Joints are places in the body where bones come together, such as the knees, wrists, fingers, toes, and hips. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoporosis - A condition in which the bones become less dense and more likely to fracture.

In osteoporosis, there is a loss of bone tissue that leaves bones less dense and more likely to fracture. It can result in a loss of height, severe back pain, and change in posture. Osteoporosis can impair a person's ability to walk and can cause prolonged or permanent disability - Difference Between Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Types of Arthritis

  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achondroplasia
  • Acromegalic arthropathy
  • Adhesive capsulitis
  • Adult onset Still's disease
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Anserine bursitis
  • Avascular necrosis
  • Behcet's syndrome
  • Bicipital tendinitis
  • Blount's disease
  • Brucellar spondylitis
  • Bursitis
  • Calcaneal bursitis
  • Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD)
  • Crystal deposition disease
  • Caplan's syndrome
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Chondrocalcinosis
  • Chondromalacia patellae
  • Chronic synovitis
  • Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome
  • Cogan's syndrome
  • Corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
  • Costosternal syndrome
  • CREST syndrome
  • Cryoglobulinemia
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Diabetic finger sclerosis
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
  • Discitis
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus
  • Drug-induced lupus
  • Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
  • Dupuytren's contracture
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
  • Enteropathic arthritis
  • Epicondylitis
  • Erosive inflammatory osteoarthritis
  • Exercise-induced compartment syndrome
  • Fabry's disease
  • Familial Mediterranean fever
  • Farber's lipogranulomatosis
  • Felty's syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Fifth's disease
  • Flat feet
  • Foreign body synovitis
  • Freiberg's disease
  • Fungal arthritis
  • Gaucher's disease
  • Giant cell arteritis
  • Gonococcal arthritis
  • Goodpasture's syndrome
  • Gout Granulomatous arteritis
  • Hemarthrosis
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Henoch-Schonlein purpura
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen disease
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hurler syndrome
  • Hypermobility syndrome
  • Hypersensitivity vasculitis
  • Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
  • Immune complex disease
  • Impingement syndrome
  • Jaccoud's arthropathy
  • Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • Kawasaki disease
  • Kienbock's disease
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
  • Linear scleroderma
  • Lipoid dermatoarthritis
  • Lofgren's syndrome
  • Lyme disease
  • Malignant synovioma
  • Marfan's syndrome
  • Medial plica syndrome
  • Metastatic carcinomatous arthritis
  • Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)
  • Mixed cryoglobulinemia
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis
  • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
  • Mycoplasmal arthritis
  • Myofascial pain syndrome
  • Neonatal lupus
  • Neuropathic arthropathy
  • Nodular panniculitis
  • Ochronosis
  • Olecranon bursitis
  • Osgood-Schlatter's disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteochondromatosis
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Osteomalacia
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Overlap syndrome
  • Pachydermoperiostosis Paget's disease of bone
  • Palindromic rheumatism
  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome
  • Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome
  • Pigmented villonodular synovitis
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Polyarteritis nodos
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Polymyositis
  • Popliteal cysts
  • Posterior tibial tendinitis
  • Pott's disease
  • Prepatellar bursitis
  • Prosthetic joint infection
  • Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Raynaud's phenomenon
  • Reactive arthritis/Reiter's syndrome
  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome
  • Relapsing polychondritis
  • Retrocalcaneal bursitis
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Rheumatoid vasculitis
  • Rotator cuff tendinitis
  • Sacroiliitis
  • Salmonella osteomyelitis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Saturnine gout
  • Scheuermann's osteochondritis
  • Scleroderma
  • Septic arthritis
  • Seronegative arthritis
  • Shigella arthritis
  • Shoulder-hand syndrome
  • Sickle cell arthropathy
  • Sjogren's syndrome
  • Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spondylolysis
  • Staphylococcus arthritis
  • Stickler syndrome
  • Subacute cutaneous lupus
  • Sweet's syndrome
  • Sydenham's chorea
  • Syphilitic arthritis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Takayasu's arteritis
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Tennis elbow
  • Tietse's syndrome
  • Transient osteoporosis
  • Traumatic arthritis
  • Trochanteric bursitis
  • Tuberculosis arthritis
  • Arthritis of Ulcerative colitis
  • Undifferentiated connective tissue syndrome (UCTS)
  • Urticarial vasculitis
  • Viral arthritis
  • Wegener's granulomatosis
  • Whipple's disease
  • Wilson's disease
  • Yersinial arthritis

Awareness: Arthritis

Blue arthritis awareness ribbonThe color blue denotes arthritis awareness. The month of May is designated as arthritis awareness month.

The awareness ribbon colors for Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is Dark Blue for Arthritis, and Orange/Orchid for Psoriasis.

In Canada the month of March is Childhood Arthritis Month.

Facts: Arthritis

  • Arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the USA. More than 20 million individuals with arthritis have severe limitations in function on a daily basis.
  • Some signs of arthritis include pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling.

Similarities & Differences - OPO, OA, & RA

Risk FactorsOPOOARA
Age-relatedXX
MenopauseX
Family historyXXX
Use of certain medications (e.g., glucocorticoids, seizure medications)X
Calcium deficiency or inadequate vitamin DX
InactivityX
Overuse of jointsX
SmokingX
Excessive alcoholX
Anorexia nervosaX
Excessive weightX
Physical Effects
Affects entire skeletonX
Affects jointsXX
Is an autoimmune diseaseX
Bony spursXX
Enlarged or malformed jointsXX
Height lossX
Treatment Options
RaloxifeneX
BisphosphonatesX
CalcitoninX
Parathyroid hormoneX
Estrogen/hormone therapyX
RANK ligand (RANKL) inhibitorX
Calcium and vitamin DX
Weight managementX
GlucocorticoidsX
NSAIDsXXX
MethotrexateX
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, biologic response modifiers, tumor necrosis factor inhibitors.X
Pain Management
Pain medication (e.g., NSAIDS, narcotics, muscle relaxants)XXX
RehabilitationXXX
Support groupsXXX
Exercises: posturalXXX
Exercises: isometric, isotonic, isokineticXXX
Joint splintingXX
Physical therapyXXX
Passive exercisesXX
Hip fracture surgical repair (may include hip replacement depending on type of fracture)X
Joint replacement surgery (usually for pain, malformation, or impaired mobility)XX
Heat and coldXXX
Massage therapyXXX
AcupunctureXXX
Psychological approaches (e.g., relaxation, visualization, biofeedback)XXX
Tai chiXXX
Low stress yogaXXX

Statistics: Arthritis Prevalence in the U.S.

Arthritis and other rheumatic conditions are the most common cause of disability among U.S. adults and have been for the past 15 years.

  • Nearly 50% of people may develop symptomatic knee OA by age 85 years.
  • An estimated 52.5 million adults in the United States reported being told by a doctor that they have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia.
  • 26.0% of women and 19.1% men report doctor-diagnosed arthritis.
  • An estimated 27 million adults had osteoarthritis in 2005.
  • An estimated 5.0 million adults had fibromyalgia in 2005.
  • An estimated 1.5 million adults had rheumatoid arthritis in 2007.
  • In 2004, there were 454,652 total knee replacements performed, primarily for arthritis.
  • An estimated 3.0 million adults had gout in 2005, and 6.1 million adults have ever had gout.
  • An estimated 294,000 children under age 18 have some form of arthritis or rheumatic condition.
  • In 2004, there were 232,857 total hip replacements, 41,934 shoulder, and 12,055 other joint replacements, primarily for arthritis.
  • By 2030, an estimated 67 million Americans ages 18 years or older are projected to have doctor-diagnosed arthritis.


Related:

  1. Younger Veterans Develop Arthritis at Higher Rates and Younger Age - The Rep for Vet - (2013-11-20)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/health/autoimmunediseases/arthritis/repforvet.php
  2. Helpful Hints To Prevent Arthritis Pain - Florida Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (FSIPP) - (2010-10-11)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/health/autoimmunediseases/arthritis/arthritis-pain-help.php
  3. Painkillers and Medicines Used to Treat Arthritis - Sally Rider - (2010-06-21)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/health/autoimmunediseases/arthritis/arthritis-painkillers.php



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