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List of Different Types of Arthritis

  • Published: 2015-06-23 (Revised/Updated 2015-10-27) : Author: Disabled World : Contact: Disabled World
  • Synopsis: General information and list of over 150 various types of arthritis that can occur in humans.

Did you know there are more than 150 types of arthritis

Arthritis is an umbrella term used to describe over 150 medical conditions and diseases, known as rheumatic diseases. The word arthritis is medically defined as joint inflammation. Inflammation is one of the human body's reactions to disease or injury, and includes swelling, pain, and quite often, stiffness. Inflammation that lasts for a very long time or recurs, as in arthritis, can lead to tissue damage.

Arthritis is defined as a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than a third of adults who have arthritis report it limits their leisure and work activities. 25% of them state it also causes severe pain (7+ on the 0 to 10 point pain scale).

The most 5 common types of arthritis are Osteoarthritis, Fibromyalgia, Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Children and teens get a type of arthritis called juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). "Juvenile" means young (16 yrs of age or younger) and "idiopathic" means the cause is not known. JIA is also sometimes called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA).

Many people confuse osteoporosis and different types of arthritis.

Arthritis - A general term for conditions that affect the joints and surrounding tissues.

Joints are places in the body where bones come together, such as the knees, wrists, fingers, toes, and hips. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoporosis - A condition in which the bones become less dense and more likely to fracture.

In osteoporosis, there is a loss of bone tissue that leaves bones less dense and more likely to fracture. It can result in a loss of height, severe back pain, and change in posture. Osteoporosis can impair a person's ability to walk and can cause prolonged or permanent disability - Difference Between Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Types of Arthritis

Awareness: Arthritis

Blue arthritis awareness ribbonThe color blue denotes arthritis awareness. The month of May is designated as arthritis awareness month.

The awareness ribbon colors for Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is Dark Blue for Arthritis, and Orange/Orchid for Psoriasis.

In Canada the month of March is Childhood Arthritis Month.

Facts: Arthritis

Similarities & Differences - OPO, OA, & RA

Risk FactorsOPOOARA
Family historyXXX
Use of certain medications (e.g., glucocorticoids, seizure medications)X
Calcium deficiency or inadequate vitamin DX
Overuse of jointsX
Excessive alcoholX
Anorexia nervosaX
Excessive weightX
Physical Effects
Affects entire skeletonX
Affects jointsXX
Is an autoimmune diseaseX
Bony spursXX
Enlarged or malformed jointsXX
Height lossX
Treatment Options
Parathyroid hormoneX
Estrogen/hormone therapyX
RANK ligand (RANKL) inhibitorX
Calcium and vitamin DX
Weight managementX
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, biologic response modifiers, tumor necrosis factor inhibitors.X
Pain Management
Pain medication (e.g., NSAIDS, narcotics, muscle relaxants)XXX
Support groupsXXX
Exercises: posturalXXX
Exercises: isometric, isotonic, isokineticXXX
Joint splintingXX
Physical therapyXXX
Passive exercisesXX
Hip fracture surgical repair (may include hip replacement depending on type of fracture)X
Joint replacement surgery (usually for pain, malformation, or impaired mobility)XX
Heat and coldXXX
Massage therapyXXX
Psychological approaches (e.g., relaxation, visualization, biofeedback)XXX
Tai chiXXX
Low stress yogaXXX

Statistics: Arthritis Prevalence in the U.S.

Arthritis and other rheumatic conditions are the most common cause of disability among U.S. adults and have been for the past 15 years.

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